ENCYCLICAL DIVINO AFFLANTE SPIRITU PDF
1. DOI /vx. Pontifical Encyclical Divino Afflante Spiritu () and Principle of Interpretation Bible. PhDr. ThDr. Daniel Slivka, PhD. DIVINO AFFLANTE SPIRITU Encyclical of Pope pius xii concerning the advancement of biblical studies. The document is dated Sept. 30, , feast of St. WHEN the Encyclical Letter Divino Afflante Spiritu appeared thirty years ago, it was the conclusion that in this field Pope P ius XII’s Encyclical was really.
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Seeing that, in the yearwith the benign approval of Pius X of happy memory, “to the Benedictine monks had been committed the task of preparing the investigations and studies on which might be based a new edition of the Latin version of the Scripture, commonly called the Vulgate, the same Pontiff, Pius XI, wishing to consolidate more firmly and securely this “laborious and arduous enterprise,” which demands considerable time and great expense, founded in Rome and lavishly endowed with a library and other means of research, the monastery of St.
It first cites recent discoveries in archeology, ancient history, linguistics, and other technical sciences contributing to a better understanding of the Bible. Abbot Aidan Gasquet, Dec. For the Sacred Books were not given adflante God to men to satisfy their curiosity or to provide them with material for study and research, but, as the Apostle observes, in order that these Divine Oracles might “instruct us to salvation, by the faith which is in Christ Jesus” and “that the man of God may be perfect, furnished to every good work.
The opposition between traditional and scientific approaches to Bible studies was epitomized in a pamphlet written by an Italian priest, Dolindo Ruotolo using the pseudonym Dain Cohenelprotesting strongly against the use of scientific, historical, and critical methods in the study and interpretation of Holy Scripture, particularly by affflante Pontifical Biblical Institute. Who can heal these mortal wounds of the human family if not He, to Whom the Prince of the Apostles, full of confidence and love, addresses these words: When then such modes of expression spiriitu met within the sacred text, which, being meant for men, is couched in human language, justice demands that they be no more taxed with error than when they occur in the ordinary intercourse of daily life.
For thus at long sivino will be brought about the happy and fruitful union between the doctrine and spiritual sweetness of expression of the ancient authors and the greater erudition and maturer knowledge of the modern, having as its result new progress in the never fully explored and inexhaustible field of the Divine Letters.
Thus can he the better understand who was the inspired author, and what he wishes to express by his writings.
Divino Afflante Spiritu (September 30, ) | PIUS XII
For it is the duty of the exegete to lay hold, so to speak, with the greatest care and reverence of the very least expressions which, under the inspiration of the Divine Spirit, have flowed from the pen of the sacred writer, so as to arrive at a deeper and fuller knowledge of his meaning.
Nor should anyone think that this use of the original texts, in accordance with the methods of criticism, in any way derogates from those decrees so wisely enacted by the Council of Trent concerning the Latin Vulgate. It inaugurated the modern period of Roman Catholic biblical studies by encouraging the study of textual criticism or lower criticismpertaining to text of spirtiu Scriptures themselves and transmission thereof for example, to determine correct readings and permitted the use of the historical-critical method or higher criticismto be informed by theologySacred Traditionand ecclesiastical divio on the historical circumstances of the text, hypothesizing about matters such as authorship, dating, and similar concerns.
Divino afflante Spiritu encyclical letter. Let encyclocal bear in mind above all that in the rules and laws promulgated by the Church there is question of doctrine regarding faith and morals; and that in the immense matter contained in the Sacred Books – legislative, historical, sapiential and prophetical – there are but few texts whose sense has been defined by the authority of the Church, nor are afglante more numerous about which the teaching of the Holy Fathers is unanimous.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Pope Pius XI decreed that divvino one should receive a benefice having attached the canonical obligation of expounding the Sacred Scripture unless he had obtained the licentiate or doctorate in biblical science.
Encyclical Letter Spiritus ParaclitusSept. In like manner therefore ought we to explain the original text which, having been written by the inspired author himself, has more authority and greater weight than any even the very best translation, whether ancient or modern; this can be done all the more easily and fruitfully, if to the knowledge of languages be joined a real skill in literary criticism of the same text.
I, 4 PG 53, col. The introduction states that the occasion of the encyclical is the 50th anniversary of the biblical encyclical of Pope Leo XIIIprovidentissimus deus, and declares that the purpose of the document is to encourage in the most opportune way further developments in biblical studies.
Catholic exegetes received the Divino afflante Spiritu with profound gratitude. The bishops are also encouraged to see to it that while still in the Seminary, the priests do not lack what is needed to help them imbibe a practical and enduring love for the Sacred Scriptures. Handbook of Biblical Criticism 3rd ed.
Divino afflante spiritu
No wonder herefore that, as she received it intact from the hands of the Apostles, so she kept it with all care, defended it from every dpiritu and perverse interpretation and used it diligently as an instrument for securing the eternal salvation of souls, as almost countless documents in every age strikingly bear witness.
Learn more about divvino styles Citation styles Encyclopedia. Pope Pius X commended the society of St. In his encyclical, Pius stressed the importance of encyclkcal study of the original languages and other cognate languages to arrive at a deeper and fuller knowledge of the meaning of the sacred texts:. Hence the Catholic commentator, in order to comply with the present needs of biblical studies, in explaining the Sacred Scripture and in demonstrating and proving its immunity from all error, should also make a prudent use of this means, determine, that is, to what extent the manner of expression or the literary mode adopted by the sacred writer may lead to a correct and divio interpretation; and let him be convinced that this part of his office cannot be neglected without serious detriment to Catholic exegesis.
Concerning the meaning of exegesis and aids to exegesis in our age, mention is made of Catholic theologians saying that they have been able to examine and explain the nature and effects of biblical inspiration more exactly and fully than in the previous years. Thus it has happened that certain disputed points, which in the past remained unsolved and in suspense, in our days, with the progress of studies, have found a satisfactory solution.
Sedis XVIpp. Doubtless all spiritual sense is not excluded from the Sacred Scripture. Jerome, which strives to promote among the faithful – and to facilitate with all its power – the truly praiseworthy custom of reading and meditating on the holy Gospels; he exhorted them to persevere in the enterprise they had begun, proclaiming it “a most useful undertaking, as well as most suited to the times,” seeing that it helps in no small way “to dissipate the idea that the Church is opposed to or in any way impedes the reading of the Scriptures in the vernacular.
And in this very arduous and important office let them have “for their comfort the Holy Books” and be mindful of the promised reward: Riding Time Like a River: For Catholic exegetes, by a right use of those same scientific arms, not infrequently abused by the adversaries, proposed such interpretations, which are in harmony with Catholic doctrine and the genuine current of tradition, and at the same time are seen to have proved equal to the difficulties, either raised by new explorations and discoveries, or bequeathed by antiquity for solution in our time.
Jerome, to be devoted exclusively to this work. Jerome himself, by means of which the Gospels and Acts of the Apostles are being so widely diffused, “that there is no Christian family any more without them and that all are accustomed to read and meditate them daily.
Westminster John Knox Press. The progressive exploration of the antiquities of the East, mentioned above, the more accurate examination of the original text itself, the more extensive and exact knowledge of languages both biblical and oriental, have with the help of God, happily provided the solution of not a few ecyclical those questions, which in the time of Our Predecessor Leo XIII of immortal memory, were raised by critics outside or hostile to the Church against the authenticity, antiquity, integrity and historical value of the Sacred Books.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia. They generally referred back to the source texts in Biblical HebrewBiblical Aramaic and Biblical Greek only to clarify the exact meaning of the Latin text. Nor does “the word of God, living and effectual and more piercing than any two-edged sword and reaching unto the division of the soul and the spirit, of the joints also and the marrow, and a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart” need artificial devices and human adaptation to move and impress souls; for the Sacred Pages, written under the inspiration of the Spirit of God, are of themselves rich in original meaning; endowed with a divine power, they have their own value; adorned with heavenly beauty, they radiate of themselves light and splendor, provided they are so fully and accurately explained by the interpreter, that all the treasures of wisdom and prudence, therein contained are brought to light.
Wherefore the same Pontiff, as he had already praised and approved the school for biblical studies, founded at St. From these therefore and from other divono which daily become more wide-spread and vigorous, as, for example, biblical societies, congresses, libraries, associations for meditation on the Gospels, We spirktu hope that in the future reverence for, as well as the use and knowledge of, the Sacred Scriptures will everywhere more spirjtu more increase for the good of souls, provided the method of biblical studies laid down by Leo XIII, explained more clearly and perfectly by his Successors, and by Us confirmed and amplified – which indeed is the only safe way and proved by experience – be more firmly, eagerly and faithfully accepted by all, regardless of the difficulties which, as in all human affairs, so in this most excellent work will never be wanting.
The encyclical appeared on the 50th anniversary of Providentissimus Deusan encyclical in which Pope Leo XIII condemned the use spiriru higher criticism. The professors of Sacred Scriptures in the seminaries should on their part teach the course perfectly and imbue the students with love for the same.
For, apart from anything else, when Our Predecessor published the Encyclical Encydlical Providentissimus Deushardly a single place in Palestine had begun to be explored by means of relevant excavations.