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CANDIDAL BALANITIS. DEFINITION. Balanitis refers to inflammation of the glans . The most common cause of balanitis is Candida albicans. In common usage, “balanitis” and “balanoposthitis” are interchangeable, although balanoposthitis occurs only in uncircumcised males. For the. Zoon balanitis (ZB) is one of the benign nonvenereal dermatoses, which presents as a solitary, persistent erythematous plaque usually on the glans penis.

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Complete resolution of Zoon balanitis with photodynamic therapy — A new therapeutic option? Sites affected It is most commonly located on the glans penis, but inner surface of prepuce and coronal sulcus may be involved.

However, it is postulated that it acts via triggering the upregulation of cellular immunity which may overcome local response to some unknown causative agents. Reflectance confocal microscopy [ 25 ] Reflectance confocal microscopy RCM is an in vivo imaging method used to obtain morphologic information about both the architecture and single cells in the epidermis and superficial dermis by Vivascope Plasma cell orificial mucositis.

The clinical criteria given by Kumar et al. It is less common among people who are circumcised as in many cases the foreskin contributes to the disease. Benign plasma cell erythroplasia. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Support Center Support Center. Insulitis Hypophysitis Thyroiditis Parathyroiditis Adrenalitis.

Clinical and histopathological features — Response to circumcision. Although it candiciasica described by Zoon inits etiopathogenesis still remains hypothetical. It is usually asymptomatic and patient only presents with change in appearance of the genitalia.

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Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

Circumcision and genital dermatoses. YAG laser can be finely adapted to this clinical scenario. ZB is an entity of utmost importance both for the patients due to their concern regarding its prognosis and for the demato-venereologists due to its management being really challenging.

Circumcision is the definite treatment of ZB according to the European guidelines for the management balanooostitis balanoposthitis. Initial treatment in adults often involves simply pulling back the foreskin and cleaning the cajdidiasica.

YAG laser treatment of idiopathic chronic inflammatory non-cicatricial balanoposthitis Zoon’s disease — A series of 20 patients with long-term outcome. This article provides an overview of the epidemiology, clinical presentation, histopathological features, and diagnostic criteria and diagnostic methods of ZB.

In dogsbalanoposthitis is caused by a disruption in the integumentary systemsuch as a wound or intrusion of a foreign body. Etiology Etiology and pathogenesis of this condition are still speculative. Retireved 19 April This is followed by epidermal atrophy, at times erosions and spongiosis. Differentiation between balanitis and carcinoma in situ using reflectance confocal microscopy.

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Some authors have found an association between ZB and erythroplasia of Queyrat; while others believe that ZB can precede carcinoma of the penis, supposing that the carcinogenic changes may arise in the chronically inflamed mucosa of ZB. Hague J, Ilchyshyn A. J Am Acad Dermatol. Zoon’s balanitis successfully treated with photodynamic therapy: There is only one case report of ZB treated with oral dapsone without any side effect although the mechanism of action was not clear.


Follow-up The exact follow-up regime for ZB after treatment is still unclear. Balanitis is uncommon in circumcised men and in many cases preputial dysfunction is a causal or contributing factor.

CS1 Spanish-language sources es Infobox medical condition new Articles containing Greek-language text Articles with references in external links Cadidiasica category link is on Wikidata.

Carcinoma of the penis preceded by Zoon’s balanitis. On the detailed scan of literature, there are four case reports, i. Histopathological examination ZB has very distinct histopathological balanoposritis affecting both epidermis and dermis. In addition, other possible causes of ZB that have been described in the literature include chronic infection with Mycobacterium smegmatis and human papillomaviruses HPV.

Balanitis on boys still in diapers must be distinguished from redness caused by ammoniacal canxidiasica. Indian J Sex Transm Dis. Thus, patients of ZB must be carefully followed for persistence or worsening of lesions and repeated biopsies should be done to rule out the underlying malignancy.

Zoon balanitis: A comprehensive review

Plasma cell balanitis and vulvitis of Zoon. Fusidic acid shares a similar molecular structure with corticosteroid, thus having both anti-inflammatory and antibiotic activity.

An effective therapy for Zoon balanitis.